Citadella is a name of Italian origin meaning fortress, however, the edifice was not used just for protection in the past but also to instil fear in the people. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987.
Walk around the “Bastille of Gellért Hill”
If you’d like to learn more about the history of the Citadella, you will have to travel back in time to the period of the Turkish occupation, which is when the Turks built a palisade castle on the site of the chapel at the top of Gellért Hill. In 1813, at the suggestion of Archduke Joseph, the palisade castle was replaced by a university observatory, the Uraniae, but during the siege of Buda Castle in 1849, the soldiers of the Hungarian Army placed siege cannons near the building. The story did not end well, as retaliation by the Austrian artillery led to the total destruction of the astronomical institution building. In the Bach era, the Vienna War Council ultimately decided that instead of Buda Castle, they would build a visible fortification system around Pest and Buda, the aim of which was not just to beat off outside enemies but to subdue the Hungarian population, which was greatly prone to revolution.