In addition to the synagogue, visitors should also seek out the garden, separated by the densely constructed inner city by an arched cloister and filled with romantic, melancholic mulberry trees. Its center piece is the Heroes' Temple, designed by László Vágó in a mixture of modernistic and eastern elements, raised in the thirties in memory of the ten thousand Hungarian soldiers of Jewish birth who have given their lives in the World War I. Since the World War II, however, the garden honors not only the heroic soldiers but also the victims of the Holocaust. Indeed, the garden was a part of the closed ghetto in which the majority of the Hebrew population of Budapest, about seventy thousand people were crammed together and separated from the outside world by high walls in the autumn of 1944. A section of the wall was later reconstructed as a kind of memento and can now be viewed in the garden. Of those who lost their lives in the ghetto of Budapest during the Holocaust, more than two thousand were buried here in a hurry after the Allied Forces took Budapest and liberated the ghetto. This was despite the fact that the Jewish religion prohibits burial next to synagogues. It is how the garden became one of the most shocking, most authentic Holocaust memorials of the world. Around the trees, grave-shaped flowerbeds were planted where families with members who were laid to final rest here placed memorial plaques.
There is also a memorial to the heroes of the Hungarian resistance and the leaders of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Behind the Heroes' Temple, the Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs stands in a memorial park named for Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who saved thousands of Hungarian Jews. The steel leaves of the statue, shaped like a weeping willow, honor the victims. Having no graves, many families engraved the names of their ancestors on one of the leaves. The memorial was partially funded by Tony Curtis, an American actor of Hungarian descent. The ticket you buy to the synagogue will also grant you access to the Jewish Museum which has a permanent exhibition where fantastic metal artwork and porcelain will show you every-day Jewish life and the world of Hebrew holidays.