Sopianae – the Roman settlement on which the town of Pécs was built – was founded in the early 2nd century. In 100 years, it would grow into a thriving city and a significant centre of Christianity.
Chapels and crypts
The complex comprises two sections: the underground part is a crypt where the deceased were placed in brick tombs or in sarcophagi. The tombs were often decorated with biblical scenes and early Christian symbols. The second section is a memorial chapel, erected above the crypt. These two-storey structures served both as burial sites for the nobility and locations for burial ceremonies.
The unearthed sepulchres were originally numbered by the archaeologists for identification using Roman numerals, but some of them got to be known by names, referring to their interior mural paintings.